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The Planets in Renaissance Astrology
Christopher Warnock, Esq.
The Nature of Mars
in Renaissance Astrology


The Planets in Renaissance Astrology
Of Saturn and his signification
Of Jupiter and his signification
Of Mars and his signification
Of the Sun and his signification
Of Venus and her signification
Of Mercury and his signification
Of the Moon and her signification
The Hymns of Orpheus
Orphic Hymn to Mars
William Lilly
Lilly Biography
Web Site Search
Web Site Search

Of Mars, his signification, nature and property

from William Lilly's Christian Astrology
(1st ed. 1647, reprinted 1985 Regulus).

Of the Planet MARS, and his Signification.
Triplicity, Terms & Face
Manners & Actions
When ill.
Quality of Men & Profession
Colours & Savours
Fishes, Birds
Day of the Week
Angel & Friends

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Of the Planet MARS, and his Signification.

MARS doth in order succeed Jupiter, whom the Ancients sometimes called Mavors, Aris, Pyrois, Gradivus;

Colour & Latitude He is lesse in body then Jupiter or Venus, and appeareth to our sight of a shining, fiery, sparkling colour, he finisheth his course in the Zodiack in one yeer 321 dayes, or thereabouts; his greatest latitude North is 4, 31 min. his South is 6 degr. and 47.

Motion His mean motion is 31 min. 27 seconds. His diurnall motion is sometimes 32. 34. 36. 38. 40. 44. min. a day, seldom more.

HousesHe hath Aries for his Day-house, and Scorpio for his Night-house; he is exalted in 28 degr. of Capricorn, and is depressed in 28 Cancer, he receiveth detriment in Libra and Taurus; he is retrograde 80 dayes; stationary before direction two dayes; after, but one day.


Triplicity, Terms & Face [Note Lilly uses a different set of plicity rulerships than I do] He governeth wholly the Watry Triplicity, viz. Cancer, Scorpio, Pisces. In the whole twelve Signs, Ptolomy assigneth him these degrees for Terms, viz.

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In ARIES, 22, 23, 24, 25,26.
In TAURUS, 27, 28, 29, 30.
In GEMINI, 26, 27, 28, 29,30.
In CANCER, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.
In LEO, 26, 27, 28, 29,30.
In VIRGO, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30.
In LIBRA, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30.
In SCORPIO, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6.
In SAGITTARIUS, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30.
In CAPRICORN, 20, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25. In AQUARIUS, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30.
In PISCES, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26.

He hath allotted him for his Face these degrees.

In ARIES, 1, 2, 31 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10.
In GEMINI, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20.
In LEO, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30.
In SCORPIO, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10.
In CAPRICORN, 11, 12, 13, 14, 15, 16, 17, 18, 19, 20.
In PISCES, 21, 22, 23, 24, 25, 26, 27, 28, 29, 30.


Nature He is Masculine, Nocturnall Planet, in nature hot and dry, cholerick and fiery, the lesser Infortune, author of Quarrels, Strifes, Contentions.

Manners & Actions, when well dignified. In feats of Warre and Courage invincible, scourning any should exceed him, subject to no Reason, Bold, Confident, Immoveable, Contentious, challenging all Honour to themselves, Valiant, lovers of Warre and things pertaining thereunto, hazarding himself to all Perils, willingly will obey no body; nor submit to any, a large reporter of his own Acts, one that fights all things in comparison of Victory, and yet of prudent behaviour in his own affaires.

When ill. Then he is Pratler without modesty or honesty, a lover of Slaughter and Quarrels, Murder, Theevery, a promoter of Sedition, Frayes and Commotions; and Highway-Theef, as wavering as the Wind, a Traytor, of turbulent Spirit, Perjurer, Obscene, Rash, Inhumane, neither fearing God or caring for man, Unthankful, Trecherous, Oppressors, Ravenous, Cheater, Furious, Violent.


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Corporature Generally Martialuts have this forme; they are but middle Stature, their Bodies strong, and their Bones big, rather leane then fat; their Complexion of a brown, ruddy colour, or flaxen, and many times crisping or curling, sharp hazle Eyes, and they piercing, a bold confident countence, and the man active and fearlesse.

ORIENTALL When Mars is Orientall, he signifies Valiant men, some white mixed with the rednesse, a decent talnesse of Body, hairy of his Body.

OCCIDENTALL Very ruddy Complexion'd, but mean in Stature, little Head, a smooth Body, and not hairy; yellow Hair, stiffe, the natural humours generally more dry.

PRINCES. Ruling by Tyranny and Opression, or Tyrants, Usurpers, new Conquerours.

Medieval Battle
QUALITY OF MEN & PROFESSION. Generals of Armies, Colonels, Captaines, or any Souldiers having command in Armies, all manner of Souldiers, Physitians, Apothecaries, Chirurgions, Alchimists, Gunners, Butchers, Marshals, Sergeants, Bailiffs, Hang-men, Theeves, Smiths, Bakers, Armourers, Watch-makers, Botchers, Tailors, Cutlers of Swords and Knives, Barbers, Dyers, Cooks, Carpenters, Gamesters, Bear-wards, Tanners, Carriers.

SICKNESSES. The Gall, the left Eare, tertian Feavers, pestilent burning Feavers, Megrams in the Head, Carbunckles, the Plague and all Plague-sores, Burnings, Ring-wormes, Blisters Phrensies, mad sudden distempers in the Head, Yellow-jaundies, Bloody-flux, Fistulaes, all Wounds and Diseases in mens Genitories, the Stone both in the Reins and Bladder, Scars or smal Pocks in the Face, all hurts by Iron, the Shingles, and such other Diseases as arise by abundance of too much Choller, Anger or Passion.


COLOURS & SAVOURS. He delighteth in Red colour, or yellow, fiery and shinning like Saffron; and in those Savours which are bitter, sharp and burn the Tongue; of Humours, Choller.

HEARBS. The Hearbs which we attribute to Mars are such as come near to a rednesse, whose leaves are pointed and sharp, whose taste is costick and burning, love to grow on dry places, are corosive and penetrating the Flesh and Bones with a most subtil heat: They are as followeth. The Nettle, all manner

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of Thistles, Rest-harrow or Cammock, Devils-milk or Petty spurge, the white and red Brambles, the white called vulgarly by the Hearbalists Ramme, Lingwort, Onion, Scommony, Garlick, Mustard-seed, Pepper, Ginger, Leeks, Ditander, Hore-hound, Hemlock, red Sanders, Tamarindes, all Hearbs attracting or drawing choller by Sympathy, Raddish, Castoreum, Arsolarr,Assarum, Carduus, Denedictus, Cantharides.

TREES. All Trees which are prickly, as the Thorn, Chestnut.

BEASTS, &:c. Panther, Tyger, Mastiffe, Vulture, Fox; of living creatures, those that are Warlike, Ravenous and Bold, the Castor, Horse, Mule, Ostrich, the Goat, the Wolf, the Leopard, the wild Asse, the Gnats, Flyes, Lapwing, Cockarrice, the Griffon, Bear.

FISHES, BIRDS, &c. The Pike, the Shark. the Barbel, the Fork-fish, all stinking Worms, Scorpions.

BIRDS. The Hawke, the Vultur, the Kite or Glead, (all ravenous Fowle) the Raven, Cormorant, the owle, (some say the Eagle) the Crow, the Pye.

PLACES. Smiths, Shops, Furnaces, Slaughter-houses, places where Bricks or Charcoales are burned, or have been burnes, Chimneys, Forges.

MINERALS.Iron, Antimony, Arsenick, Brimston, Ocre.

STONES. Adamant, Loadstone, Blood-stone, Jasper, the many coloured Amatheist, the Touch-stone, red Lead or Vermilion.

WEATHER. Red Clouds, Thunder, Lightning, Fiery impressions, and pestilent Airs, which usually appear after a long time of drinesse and fair Wheather, by improper and unwholesome Mysts.

WINDS. He stirreth up the Western Winds.

ORBE. His Orbe is onely seven degrees before and after any of his aspects.

YEERS. In man he governeth the flourishing time of Youth, and from 41 to 56; his greatest yeers are 264, greater 66, mean 40, lesse 15.

COUNTRIES. Saromatia, Lumbardy, Batavia, Ferraria, Gothland, and the third Climate.

DAY OF THE WEEK. He governeth Tuesday, and therein the first hour and eighth from Sun rise, and in Conception the third moneth.

ANGEL. Samael. His friends are onely Venus; Enemies all the other Planets.


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