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Planetary Hour Elections in
the Key of Solomon
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Introduction to
the Key of Solomon


Of the Days, Hours and Virtues of the Planets

The Order of the Planets & Planetary Hours

Timing of Magic by the Planetary Days & Hours

Magical Timing by the Moon

Timing for Invocation



Introduction to the Key of Solomon

The Key of Solomon is one of many classical, medieval and Renaissance magical texts, known as grimoires, claiming the authorship of King Solomon, renowned for his wisdom and spiritual powers. The text in this article comes from S. Liddell MacGregor Mathers' The Key of Solomon the King. First published in 1888, the manuscripts used by Mathers appear to date from the 16th century. For more information on the Key of Solomon and the Solomonic cycle of magical grimoires, see Elizabeth Butler, Ritual Magic [1949] (Penn State Press, 1998) pp. 47-99.


THE KEY OF SOLOMON

BOOK I CHAPTER II

OF THE DAYS, AND HOURS,
AND OF THE VIRTUES OF THE PLANETS

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When thou wishest to make any experiment or operation, thou must first prepare, beforehand, all the requisites which thou wilt find described i n the following Chapters : observing the days, the hours, and the other effects of the Constellations which may be found in this Chapter. It is, therefore, advisable to know that the hours of the day and of the night together, are twenty-four in number, and that each hour is governed by one of the Seven Planets in regular order, commencing at the highest and descending to the lowest.

The Order of the Planets & the Planetary Hours

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The order of the Planets is as follows : SHBTHAI, Shabbathai, Saturn; beneath Saturn is TZDQ, eTzedeq, Jupiter; beneath Jupiter is MADIM, Madim, Mars; beneath Mars is SHMSH, Shemesh, the Sun; beneath the Sun is NVGH, Nogah, Venus ; beneath Venus is KVKB, Kokav, Mercury ; and beneath Mercury is LBNH, Levanah, the Moon, which is the lowest of all the Planets. It must, therefore, be understood that the Planets have their dominion over the day which approacheth nearest unto the name which is given and attributed unto them-viz., over Saturday, Saturn; Thursday, Jupiter; Tuesday, Mars ; Sunday, the Sun; Friday, Venus ; Wednesday, Mercury; and Monday, the Moon.

The rule of the Planets over each hour begins from the dawn at the rising of the Sun on the day which takes its name from such Planet, and the Planet which follows it in order, succeeds to the rule over the next hour. Thus (on Saturday) Saturn rules the first hour, Jupiter the second, Mars the third, the Sun the fourth, Venus the fifth, Mercury the sixth, the Moon the seventh, and Saturn returns in the rule over the eighth, and the others in their turn, the Planets always keeping the same relative order. Note that each experiment or magical operation should be performed under the Planet, and -usually in the hour, which refers to the same. For example :-

Timing of Magic by the Planetary Days & Hours

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In the Days and Hours of Saturn thou canst perform experiments to summon the Souls from Hades, but only of those who have died a natural death. Similarly on these days and hours thou canst operate to bring either good or bad fortune to buildings ; to have familiar Spirits attend thee in sleep ; to cause good or ill success to business, possessions, goods, seeds, fruits, and similar things, in order to acquire learning ; to bring destruction and to give death, and to sow hatred and discord.

The Days and Hours of Jupiter are proper for obtaining honours, acquiring riches ; contracting friendships, preserving health ; and arriving at all that thou canst desire.

In the Days and Hours of Mars thou canst make experiments regarding War ; to arrive at military honour ; to acquire courage ; to overthrow enemies ; and further to cause ruin, slaughter, cruelty, discord ; to wound and to give death.

The Days and Hours of the Sun are very good for perfecting experiments regarding temporal wealth, hope, gain, fortune, divination, the favour of princes, to dissolve hostile feeling, and to make friends.

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The Days and Hours of Venus are good for forming friendships ; for kindness and love ; for joyous and pleasant undertakings, and for travelling.

The Days and Hours of Mercury are good to operate for eloquence and intelligence ; promptitude in business ; science and divination ; wonders ; apparitions ; and answers regarding the future. Thou canst also operate under this Planet for thefts ; writings ; deceit ; and merchandise.
The Days and Hours of the Moon are good for embassies ; voyages envoys ; messages ; navigation ; reconciliation ; love ; and the acquisition of merchandise by water.' Thou shouldest take care punctually to observe all the instructions contained in this chapter, if thou desirest to succeed, seeing that the truth of Magical Science dependeth thereon.

The Hours of Saturn, of Mars, and of the Moon are alike good for communicating and speaking with Spirits ; as those of Mercury are for recovering thefts by the means of Spirits.

The Hours of Mars serve for summoning Souls from Hades,' especially of those slain in battle.

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The Hours of the Sun, of Jupiter, and of Venus, are adapted for preparing any operations whatsoever of love, of kindness, and of invisibility, as is hereafter more fully shown, to which must be added other things of a similar nature which are contained in our work.

The Hours of Saturn and Mars and also the days on which the Moon is conjunct with them, or when she receives their opposition or quartile aspect, are excellent for making experiments of hatred, enmity, quarrel, and discord; and other operations of the same kind which are given later on in this work.

The Hours of Mercury are good for undertaking experiments relating to games, raillery jests, sports, and the like.

The Hours of the Sun, of Jupiter, and of Venus, particularly on the days which they rule, are good for all extraordinary, uncommon, and unknown operations.

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The Hours of the Moon are proper for making trial of experiments relating to recovery of stolen property, for obtaining nocturnal visions, for summoning Spirits in sleep, and for preparing anything relating to Water.

The Hours of Venus are furthermore useful for lots, poisons, all things of the nature of Venus, for preparing powders provocative of madness and the like things. But in order to thoroughly effect the operations of this Art, thou shouldest perform them not only on the Hours but on the Days of the Planets as well, because then the experiment will always succeed better, provided thou observest the rules laia down later on, for if thou omittest one single condition thou wilt never arrive at the accomplishment of the Art.

Magical Timing by the Moon

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For those matters then which appertain unto the Moon, such as the Invocation of Spirits, the Works of Necromancy, and the recovery of stolen property, it is necessary that the Moon should be in a Terrestrial Sign, viz. :-Taurus, Virgo, or Capricorn.

For love, grace, and invisibility, the Moon should be in a Fiery Sign, viz. :-Aries, Leo, or Sagittarius.

For hatred, discord, and destruction, the Moon should be in a Watery Sign, viz. :-Cancer, Scorpio, or Pisces.
For experiments of a peculiar nature, which cannot be classed under any certain head, the Moon should be in an Airy Sign, viz. :-Gemini, Libra, or Aquarius.

But if these things seem unto thee difficult to accomplish, it will suffice thee merely to notice the Moon after her combustion, or conjunction with the Sun, especially just when she quits his beams and appeareth visible. For then it is good to make all experiments for the construction and operation of any matter. That is why the time from the New unto the Full Moon is proper for performing any of the experiments of which we have spoken above.

But in her decrease or wane it is good for War, Disturbance, and Discord. Likewise the period when she is almost deprived of light, is proper for experiments of invisibility, and of Death. But observe inviolably that thou commence nothing while the Moon is in conjunction with the Sun, seeing that this is extremely unfortunate, and that thou wilt then be able to effect nothing; but the Moon quitting his beams and increasing in Light, thou canst perform all that thou desirest, observing nevertheless the directions in this Chapter.

Timing for Invocation

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Furthermore, if thou wishest to converse with Spirits it should be especially on the day of Mercury and in his hour, and let the Moon be in an Airy Sign, as well as the Sun. Retire thou then unto a secret place, where no one may be able to see thee or to hinder thee, before the completion of the experiment, whether thou shouldest wish to work by day or by night.

But if thou shouldest wish to work by night, perfect thy work on the succeeding night ; if by day, seeing that the day beginneth with the rising of the Sun (perfect thy work on) the succeeding day. But the Hour of Inception is the Hour of Mercury. Verily, since no experiments for converse with Spirits can be done without a Circle being prepared, whatsoever experiments therefore thou wishest to undertake for conversing with Spirits, therein thou must learn to construct a certain particular Circle ; that being done surround that Circle with a Circle of Art for better caution and efficacy.





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